DIR Classes for Parents & Professionals
Resources for Educators
DIR® Floortime Developmental Stages
Explore the first six stages of functional emotional development as conceptualized by Stanley I. Greenspan, M.D. and Serena Wieder, PhD.
Functional Emotional Assessment Scale
Administering and Scoring the Functional Emotional Assessment Scale; Georgia A.DeGangi, PhD, OTR and Stanley I. Greenspan, M.D.
Report published by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.
Siegel, D. J., & Shahmoon-Shanok, R. (2010). Reflective Communication:Cultivating Mindsight throught Nurturing Relationships. Zero to Three,31(2), 6-14.
Finding an Authentic Voice - Use of Self
Heffron, M. C., Ivins, B., & Weston, D. R. (2005). Finding an Authentic Voice—Use of Self. Infants & Young Children,18(4), 323-336.
Noll, L. M., & Harding, C. G. (2003). The relationship of mother-child interaction and the child's development of symbolic play. Infant Mental Health Journal,24(6), 557-570.